National Science Foundation News

The white microbial mats seen here are telltale signs of areas where methane may be released from underground methane deposits. Photo courtesy Andrew Thurber Oregon State University.

Scientists Discover First Methane Seep in Antarctic Sea Floor

;t respond in a matter of days or an hour or a month, but on the time scale of years," Thurber said. "As years start to add up, that becomes something that may potentially impact our ability to predict our future planet."Karla Heidelberg, a microbial ecologist with the U.S.-based National Science Foundation, said more methane seeps could be revealed as climate change causes oceans to warm and Antarctic ice sheets melt."As the ice coverage changes, it could expose more of these seeps to become potential inputs to atmospheric carbon," Heidelberg said.Antarctica's frozen stores

Antarctic krill are shrimplike, pinkie-length crustaceans. They form the base of the Antarctic food chain, and are an essential part of the ecosystem. (Photo: NOAA AERD)

New Acoustic Technology Helps Conserve the Antarctic Ecosystem

technology.Adult Gentoo penguins in the Antarctic typically spend the entire day hunting, and their diet includes fish, squid and krill. (Photo: NOAA AERD)Using novel ADCP technology for improved data collectionWith the help of two other CCAMLR nations (Norway and the UK) and the U.S. National Science Foundation, a suite of moorings equipped with Signature100 ADCPs and gliders was deployed in the Antarctic Peninsula’s waters last year.“Multiple simple moorings like the ones we have designed for this program generate near-complete time series of biological conditions in the vicinity

A new MIT-developed search-and-rescue algorithm identifies hidden “traps” in ocean waters. The method may help quickly identify regions where objects — and missing people — may have converged. Image courtesy of the researchers/http://news.mit.edu/

Tech Talk: Algorithm Aims to Assist Ocean Search and Rescue

. So if there’s an accident in the last hour, they can immediately look and see where the sea traps are. That’s important for when there’s a limited time window in which they have to respond, in hopes of a successful outcome.”This research was primarily funded by the National Science Foundation’s Hazards SEES program, with additional support from the Office of Naval Research and the German National Science Foundation

A Purdue team is transforming shrimp shell material into a functional device for generating electricity. (Image: Purdue University)

Device Turns Shells of Sea Creatures Into Power

Office of Technology Commercialization to patent the technology. The office recently moved into the Convergence Center for Innovation and Collaboration in Discovery Park District, adjacent to the Purdue campus.The creators are looking for partners to commercialize their technology.  The National Science Foundation provided support for part of the research. The Purdue team’s work was presented in Advanced Materials

NUI is lowered into the Aegean Sea before plunging to a depth of 500 meters to explore Kolumbo volcano. (Photo by Evan Lubofsky, © Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)

WHOI Robot Takes First Known Automated Sample from Ocean

robots where there’s a shared intelligence spanning an entire fleet, with each vehicle working cooperatively like bees in a hive,” Camilli says. “It will go well beyond losing the joystick.”Funding for this project was provided by a NASA PSTAR Grant #NNX16AL08 and a National Science Foundation National Robotics Initiative grant #IIS-1830500.(Source: WHOI

A reefscape in the highly-protected Jardines de la Reina (Gardens of the Queen), Cuba provides habitat and feeding grounds for large numbers of fish, including top predators like sharks and groupers. (Photo by Amy Apprill, ©Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)

How Microbes Reflect the Health of Coral Reefs

from CIM-UH, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Phillip and Patricia Frost Museum of Science, Mote Marine Laboratory, and the University of California, Santa Barbara. For more information, visit Amy Apprill's lab.Funding for this work was provided by OceanX and the National Science Foundation.Nearshore reefs in the heavily-impacted Florida Keys show unhealthier corals and less marine life. This mountainous star coral (Orbicella faveolata) from offshore Summerland Key shows patches of dead coral, now overgrown with algae. (Photo by Amy Apprill, ©Woods Hole Oceanographic

Longfin squid (Doryteuthis pealeii) are an important species in the east coast squid fishery, which is valued at about $40 million per year. (Photo by Ian Jones, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)

Ocean Noise: Pile Driving Triggers Alarm Responses in Squid

part by the U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Environmental Studies Program through Interagency Agreement Number M17PG00029 with the U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program under Grant No. 2388357

Dr. Catherine Warner, Director, NATO CMRE. Photo: CMRE

Interview: Dr. Catherine Warner, Director, NATO CMRE

. Someone else had a whole series of experiments where they wanted to collect solution data.  We collected data from the Faeroes all the way up to Svalbard.  An organization can’t afford to just go there with just one glider.  We had a charter from Woods Hole, funded by the National Science Foundation to operate in waters around Iceland and Greenland from January through March. We are in demand because we are one of the only ice-capable, global research vessels that is going to the high north every year.Alliance has been around for 30 years.  Do you plan to replace her?We&rsquo

Polystyrene pollution at the tide’s edge. Photo by Jayne Doucette, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Study: Sunlight Degrades Polystyrene Faster than Expected

Armstrong and Julia H. Jackson of WHOI, Anna N. Walsh of WHOI and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The research was funded by the Frank and Lisina Hoch Endowed Fund, the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Stanley Watson Chair in Oceanography, and a Graduate Research Fellowship from the National Science Foundation

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