Solomon Islands News

Photo credit: S. Cerchio/Omuraswhale.org

'Elusive' Omura Whale Spotted

marine mammal research community to what had often been misidentified or just plain mysterious whales. For decades, they were mistakenly classified as small Bryde’s whales.When first classified as a species in 2003, Omura’s were only known in three locations – the Sea of Japan, the Solomon Islands east of Papua New Guinea, and the Keeling Islands, west of Indonesia. From 2003 through 2013, their known range expanded to a few more locations in the eastern Indo-Pacific region. After the release of Dr. Cerchio’s video, the number of documented sightings increased dramatically across

(Photo courtesy of Paul G. Allen)

Paul Allen’s Crew Finds Another Historic Shipwreck

in a string of historic shipwrecks discovered by Paul G. Allen’s expedition crew aboard the state-of-the-art research vessel Petrel.The U.S. Navy's storied St. Louis-class light cruiser began her World War II service at Pearl Harbor and took part in three significant battles during the Solomon Islands campaign before being sunk by Japanese torpedoes on July 6, 1943, during the Battle of Kula Gulf. All but 168 of Helena’s 900 crew survived the sinking and eventual rescue.Allen's team found the wreck 860 meters below the surface in the New Georgia Sound off the coast of the Solomon

BMT scientist Dr Beth Toki (back, fourth from right) met with government officials and community stakeholders at Barana Village, on the outskirts of Honiara Photo BMT

Ecosystem based Adaptation to Climate Change

on their local natural resources. By taking into account the ecosystem services on which people depend for their livelihoods as well as social and economic security, EbA integrates sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystem services in a comprehensive adaptation strategy. The recently completed Solomon Islands EbA project focused on two locations: 1) Honiara, the nation’s capital; and 2) Wagina Island, a small island in Choiseul Province. Participatory community and government workshops built on existing information to document and map the critical ecosystem dependencies for local communities

One of USS Lexington's anti-aircraft guns (Image: Vulcan Inc.)

Greensea Aids Historical Shipwreck Discoveries

. The crew found the USS Lexington on March 4, resting 3,000 meters below the surface on the floor of the Coral Sea more than 500 miles off the eastern coast of Australia. The discovery was quickly followed by the sighting of the USS Juneau on March 17, 4,200 meters subsea off the coast of the Solomon Islands. Tasked to research, explore and survey historic warships and other important artifacts, the 250-foot R/V Petrel is fitted with state-of-the-art technologies, including equipment capable of diving to 6,000 meters and inertial navigation, system control and autonomy technologies 

Newly discovered B-25 Bomber (Photo: Project Recover)

Missing WW II Bombers Found on the Seafloor

support is helping sustain ongoing missions, while enabling the organization to innovate its technology and broaden its search and discovery efforts to focus areas around the world.   In 2016, team members expanded operations, conducting missions in England, New Caledonia, Palau, Saipan, the Solomon Islands, Tinian, and the U.S. in search of over 20 aircraft and 100 service members still missing in action. Five aircraft were successfully identified and documented, with documentation submitted to DPAA. The missions also resulted in new leads, based on field research and personal accounts from locals

Coral 'Bright Spots' Offer Clues to Protecting Threatened Reefs

are thriving and scientists say they may guide efforts to curb threats such as over-fishing and climate change which are blamed for widespread global declines.   A major study identified 15 "bright spots" among more than 2,500 coral reefs in 46 nations, including off Indonesia, the Solomon islands and Kiribati where given local stresses there were far more fish than predicted.   And the Great Barrier Reef off Australia, the world's biggest, was performing in line with expectations given its remoteness and high level of protection, lead author Joshua Cinner, a professor at James

Bleached and dead Acorpora coral in the National Marine Sanctuary of American Samoa. Warm Pacific ocean temperatures may lead to an increase in coral bleaching, NOAA scientists said. (Credit: NOAA)

Scientists See Rising Threat of Coral Bleaching

Coral Reef Watch coordinator. “We are worried that bleaching will spread to the western Atlantic and again into Hawaii.”   Earlier this year, NOAA’s Coral Reef Watch four-month Coral Bleaching Outlook accurately predicted coral bleaching in the South Pacific, including the Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea, Nauru, Fiji, and American Samoa. It also recently predicted the coral bleaching in the Indian Ocean, including the British Indian Ocean Territory and the Maldives.   Coral bleaching occurs when corals are stressed by changes in environmental conditions such as temperature

Photo courtesy of Nautilus Minerals

Nautilus Minerals Recommences Exploration Programs

Nautilus Minerals Inc. has signed a contract with Gardline CGG Pte Ltd. to provide exploration services for Nautilus' 2015 program in the Solomon Islands. The vessel MV Duke will be used to generate targets to expand Nautilus' Seafloor Massive Sulphide (SMS) prospect inventory within its 100% owned Solomon Islands exploration licenses. The contract with Gardline CGG is for 43 days of services, mobilizing from Brisbane, Australia on or about April 25, 2015.  The program will define SMS targets using efficient multibeam echo sounder and plume hunting techniques. Plume hunting is a regional

The progressive effects of bleaching on a once healthy elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata) during a recent bleaching event in Florida. (Credit: NOAA)

Warm Oceans May Mean Major Coral Bleaching -NOAA

of food and is more susceptible to disease.   The outlook shows the greatest threat for coral bleaching through May 2015 is in the western South Pacific and Indian oceans. In the Pacific, thermal stress has already reached levels that cause bleaching in the nations of Nauru, Kiribati, and the Solomon Islands, and is expected to spread to Tuvalu, Samoa, and American Samoa in the next few months. In the Indian Ocean, thermal stress may reach levels that cause bleaching around Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, and parts of Indonesia and western Australia.   NOAA scientists in American Samoa

Solomon Island

Solomon Islands Capital Needs to relocate to Combat Tsunami

international maritime design, engineering and risk management consultancy, has partnered with Buckley Vann town planners and the School of Civil Engineering at the University of Queensland to develop a comprehensive climate change adaptation plan for the provincial capital of Choiseul in the Solomon Islands. The capital is located on Taro Island, a small coral atoll within Choiseul Bay, mostly less than two metres above mean sea level. Coastal hazards such as tsunami and ocean storms present a significant risk to the Taro Island community, and these hazards will be compounded in the future with

Ocean Floor: Image credit Pixabay CCL

New Zealand Mulls Ocean Floor Mining Proposal

people are watching the Trans Tasman Resources outcome," said Michael Johnston, chief executive of Nautilus Minerals, which is working on a deep-sea project off Papua New Guinea and is also in talks with New Zealand. Other countries in the Pacific looking at underwater mining include Fiji, Solomon Islands, Tonga and Vanuatu, which have all issued exploration licenses. Cook Islands in the South Pacific plans to put seabed exploration licenses up for bids later this year. In the 750,000 sq km (290,000 square miles) of territorial waters around the Cook Islands are mineral nodules the size of

Marine Technology Magazine Cover May 2019 - Underwater Defense Technology

Marine Technology Reporter is the world's largest audited subsea industry publication serving the offshore energy, subsea defense and scientific communities.

Subscribe
Marine Technology ENews subscription

Marine Technology ENews is the subsea industry's largest circulation and most authoritative ENews Service, delivered to your Email three times per week

Subscribe for MTR E-news