Scripps Institution Of Oceanography News

Walter Munk, 2017 (Photo: Erik Jepsen/UC San Diego)

Walter Munk: 1917-2019

Walter Munk, who gave the Allies a strategic edge in World War II, helped nurture a university into existence, and became a living synonym for oceanography, died February 8 at his home in La Jolla, Calif. He was 101.As a geophysicist at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego, Munk made groundbreaking observations of waves, ocean temperature, tidal energy in the deep ocean, ocean acoustics and the rotation of the earth. As an advocate of science and broader scholarship, Munk served as an advisor to presidents and the Pentagon and conferred with public figures

Zooglider (top) with a selection of zooplankton imagery the robot has captured. Top photo: Benjamin Whitmore

New Robot Can Sense Plankton Optically and Acoustically

of biological and physical oceanographers and engineers have modified a common physical oceanography instrument to be able to image zooplankton as it glides through the ocean.The robot, a first-of-its-kind sensing instrument dubbed Zooglider by Mark Ohman, a biological oceanographer at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego, uses as its platform a Scripps-developed glider known as Spray. Ohman and Scripps instrument developers outfitted the torpedo-shaped Spray gliders with a camera (called Zoocam) and a device researchers call Zonar that gathers acoustic data

Gulf of Mexico Sea-surface altitude indicating surface current speed (Image: Louisiana State University / NOAA)

New Research on Gulf of Mexico Loop Current

North Carolina State University in cooperation with Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada (Center for Scientific Research and Higher Education at Ensenada), Chevron, Florida State University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, and University of California – Santa CruzPassive Gulf of Mexico Loop Current Observations from HF Radar Across the Yucatan StraitThis project will procure, install, and operate high frequency radar systems to measure surface currents at two locations in the Yucatan Channel region

Photo: Schmidt Ocean Institute

Subsea Robotics: SOI Mission Discovers New Hydrothermal Vent and Species

from California Institute of Technology, and David Caress from MBARI, along with scientists from Oregon State University, the Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, the Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada (CICESE), and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, demonstrated the multi-disciplinary use of submarine robotics while investigating an area of unique geologic activity where submarine volcanism in heavily sedimented basins results in high temperature venting with unusual chemistry and geology.The nested-scale mapping approach allowed

(Image: Professor Cui Weicheng, Shanghai Ocean University)

Voices: Professor Cui Weicheng

be successful in their quest.”Cui imagines a hybrid-vehicle that can be operated as an ROV, an AUV, or a manned submersible. “The technology challenges are straightforward, with lots of room for new invention,” said Kevin Hardy, who built unmanned hadal landers at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, for James Cameron’s DEEPSEA CHALLENGE Expedition, and other international hadal research projects. “Weicheng has the determination to get this done. His influence may ultimately be felt in the funding priorities of nations who once led in hadal exploration: France, Russia

© Christoph Karl Pusch / Adobe Stock

A BlueTech Future

five years to a Blue Economy Incubator which has already doled out funding to four promising BlueTech ventures. Meanwhile, Gafcon, the firm managing the redevelopment of San Diego’s downtown waterfront, has received preliminary interest from both the University of San Diego and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in setting up education-related facilities on the site which focus on BlueTech and the Blue Economy. These facilities would offer a learning center that seeks to prepare students for BlueTech jobs, which is also something the San Diego Unified School District is focusing on through

(File photo courtesy of Liquid Robotics)

Wave Gliders to Study Arctic and Southern Oceans

will deploy long duration unmanned ocean robots called Wave Gliders as a sensor platform to conduct advanced scientific research in inhospitable and remote regions of the Arctic and Southern Oceans.Using Liquid Robotics’ wave and solar powered Wave Gliders, scientists from Scripps Institution of Oceanography (Scripps) and the Applied Physics Laboratory of the University of Washington (APL-UW) will obtain real time data and rare insights into the dynamic conditions that drive the world’s weather and climate. This data is critical for scientists to understand and improve global ocean

Michael Jones (Photo: TMA)

Interview: TMA's Michael Jones on BlueTech Week

annual “by invitation” BlueTech Cluster Convening will bring together 20+ existing and in-formation clusters – probably the largest BlueTech cluster gathering in the world – to discuss Best Practices and collaboration. The Marine Debris Solutions day co-hosted with Scripps Institution of Oceanography on November 6 will focus on innovative industry solutions to four big issues: Plastics in the Ocean; Sunken Vessels and Unexploded Ordinance; Oil Detection and Cleanup; and Fishing & Netting Gear Alternative Solutions. The BlueTech Summit & Tech Expo on November 7-8 will feature

GeoSpectrum Technologies C-BASS low frequency sources (Image: GTI)

GTI to Supply Low Frequency Sources to Scripps

GeoSpectrum Technologies (GTI) announces it will supply the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (University of California San Diego) with two “C-BASS” low frequency sources.This new technology will allow researchers to conduct low frequency acoustic experiments more efficiently and less expensively than previously possible, GTI said. A successful field trial at Seneca Lake last December caught the attention of Scripps, resulting in the purchase.The fully coherent C-BASS are tuned to operate at 34 Hz and are capable of continuous operation. The energy efficient sources are physically

A dive team investigates sonar targets collected via the REMUS 100 AUV,  with RV Norseman II sailing in the background (Photo: NOAA)

US Destroyer Wreckage Discovered off Remote Alaskan Island

and largely overlooked early campaign of World War II.Heroic action by the crew saved the ship, but for the families of the doomed Sailors, the final resting place of loved ones lost in the predawn hours of Aug. 18, 1943 remained unknown.On July 17, a NOAA-funded team of scientists from Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego and the University of Delaware discovered the missing 75- foot stern section in 290 feet of water off of Kiska, one the few United States territories to be occupied by foreign forces in the last 200 years.“This is a significant discovery

The remotely operated vehicle (ROV) Jason lands on the seafloor at Havre submarine volcano to retrieve a heat flow monitor. (Photo: Multidisciplinary Instrumentation in Support of Oceanography (MISO) Facility, ©Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)

Scientists Study Largest Underwater Volcanic Eruption

explore, map and collect erupted materials from the Havre volcano, together with scientists from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), the University of California Berkeley, the University of Otago in New Zealand and others on board the research vessel Roger Revelle operated by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography.   Their paper published January 10, 2018 in the journal Science Advances describes the first up-close investigation of the historic volcanic eruption and reveals several surprises.   “Heading to the site, we were fully prepared to investigate a typical deep-sea

(Photo: NOAA)

New Members Join NOAA’s Hydrographic Services Advisory Panel

of the panel are: Sean M. Duffy Sr., executive director, Big River Coalition, New Orleans, La. Retired USCG Capt. Ed Page, executive director, Marine Exchange of Alaska, Juneau, Alaska Julie Thomas, senior advisor, Southern California, Coastal Ocean Observing System, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, Calif.   Two members of the panel were reappointed: Ed Kelly, executive director, Maritime Association of the Port of New York/New Jersey, New York, N.Y. Capt. Sal Rassello, director, nautical operations, Carnival Cruise Lines, Miami, Fla.   They

(Photo: OFG)

Major Gas Hydrate Mapping Campaign Completed in Japan

Ocean Floor Geophysics Inc. (OFG), in cooperation with Fukada Salvage and Marine Works Co. Ltd. (Fukada), has completed a third high resolution Controlled Source Electromagnetic (CSEM) survey of near surface gas hydrates using the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (Scripps) Vulcan system for the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) in Japanese waters.Following the CSEM surveys and 3D inversion models completed in 2014 and 2015, the 2017 survey comprised more than 413 line kilometers of high resolution data collected in depths up to 1,640 m from the Fukada vessel

A Record-setting Journey to the Atacama Trench

, is being carried out thanks to the support of the Millennium Science Initiative (ICM), the National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICYT), the Chilean Navy, and private parties.The AuthorsKevin Hardy (right), founded Global Ocean Design LLC after retiring from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. He previously designed and built the landers for James Cameron’s DEEPSEA CHALLENGE Expedition.Dr. Osvaldo Ulloa, (left) is Profesor Titular, Departamento de Oceanografía, Universidad de Concepción, Director of the Instituto Milenio de Oceanografía (IMO-Chile)

RV Thomas G. Thompson (Photo: University of Washington)

US Navy-owned Research Vessel Back in Action

, water-making and sewage plants, and the new drainage system-things you don't think about until you're out at sea and really need them to work well."The Thompson is one of three Navy-owned research vessels up for refit in coming years. The R/V Roger Revelle, operated by Scripps Institution of Oceanography since 1996, will begin its refit in 2019, and the R/V Atlantis, operated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution since 1997, is scheduled for refit in 2020.Since the end of World War II, the Navy has provided research ships to select universities and oceanographic institutions

Parchment tubeworm in the field (Photo by Dr. Evelien De Meulenaere, Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego)

Scientists Say Sea Worm May Have Superpowers

 A common sea worm that resides in muddy coastal seafloors may have powers that could potentially impact human health, according to researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego.   Researchers discovered that a parchment tubeworm, the marine invertebrate Chaetopterus sp. – which is also known for its bioluminescence – is able to produce an important protein found in nearly all living organisms, ferritin, eight times more efficiently than humans.   “We were surprised to discover that even though the tubeworm ferritin is

The front of Antarctica's Getz Ice Shelf. (Photo: Jeremy Harbeck/NASA)

Strong El Niño Events Cause Large Antarctic Ice Loss -Study

; The research, funded by NASA and the NASA Earth and Space Science Fellowship, provides new insights into how Antarctic ice shelves respond to variability in global ocean and atmospheric conditions.   The study was led by Fernando Paolo while a PhD graduate student and postdoc at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego. Paolo is now a postdoctoral scholar at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Paolo and his colleagues, including Scripps glaciologist Helen Fricker, discovered that a strong El Niño event causes ice shelves in the Amundsen Sea sector

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