Duke University News

Photo: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Waters West of Europe Drive Ocean Overturning

across the entire North Atlantic over the 21-month study period.These findings can help scientists better predict what changes might occur to the MOC and what the climate impacts of those changes will be, said Susan Lozier, the Ronie-Rochele Garcia-Johnson Professor of Earth and Ocean Sciences at Duke University’s Nicholas School of the Environment and adjunct scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI).“To aid predictions of climate in the years and decades ahead, we need to know where this deep overturning is currently taking place and what is causing it to vary,&rdquo

Number 1 on MTR's list of "Top10 Ocean Influencers" is Yohei Sasakawa, chairman, Nippon Foundation. (Copyright: Nippon Foundation.)

MTR’s “Top 10” Ocean Influencers

scientist, government official, and director for several corporate and non-profit organizationsEarning undergraduate and post graduate degrees in botany helped form Dr. Earle’s belief that understanding vegetation was the first step in understanding any ecosystem. Dr. Earle’s 1966 Duke University dissertation, “Phaeophyta of Eastern Gulf of Mexico,” shed new light on the region’s aquatic plant life, and when combined with her other Gulf research, the body of work stands today as the definitive study of the region’s abundant and rich aquatic plant life.Dr. Earle


Shell Ocean Discovery XPrize Field Pared to 9

one swarm in the deep-sea and one on the ocean surface. Five or more intelligent deep-sea robot drones will be accompanied and supported by the same number of autonomous catamarans for geo-referencing, retrieval and transport.   Blue Devil Ocean Engineering (USA) Led by Martin Brooke, the Duke University team is working with heavy lift aerial drones that drop retrievable diving SONAR pods.    CFIS (Switzerland)  Led by Toby Jackson, the team is building a fleet of AUVs to map and image the ocean floor using lasers.   GEBCO-NF Alumni (USA)  Led by GEBCO-Nippon Foundation

Michael Pentony (Photo: NOAA)

NOAA Names Pentony Atlantic Fisheries Administrator

; Before joining NOAA Fisheries in 2002, Pentony worked for five years as a policy analyst for the New England Fishery Management Council, primarily on issues related to habitat, marine protected areas, and the deep-sea red crab fishery.   He has a Bachelor of Science in Engineering from Duke University in North Carolina, and a Master’s of Environmental Management from the Nicholas School of the Environment at Duke University. Between college and graduate school, Pentony served for six years as an officer in the U.S. Air Force as an engineering project manager on a variety of military

(Credit: Rolls-Royce)

Research Vessels: The Fleet is In

. The diesel-electric power plant and propulsion system, which consists of four main generating sets, two 7.5 MW azimuth propulsion units and two transverse bow thrusters, will provide the vessel with redundant DP2 class station keeping capability.   Duke Gains Funding for New Research Vessel Duke University said it has received $11 million for the construction and operation of a new state-of-the-art vessel that will expand teaching and research capabilities at its marine lab. The gift to the Nicholas School of the Environment from the Grainger Family Descendants Fund, a donor-advised fund at The

Eauligo and the Marine Bees

Machines Infused with AI that Fly, Swarm and Dive

them into the ocean and retrieve them after the dive. Mission control will communicate with the hive from shore, and the hive will communicate with the Marine Bees.   Duke’s High Capacity Drones and Drop Pods  Team Lead: Martin Brooke The Blue Devil Engineering team based out of Duke University is using drones, drop pods and machine learning to map the seafloor. Led by Professors Martin Brooke, Tyler Bletsch and Douglas Nowacek, the team is an enthusiastic group of high school, undergraduate, and graduate students working together to develop their solution in classes and in their free

(Image: NOAA)

GoM Dead Zone is the Largest on Record

of fish habitat or force them to move to other areas to survive, decreased reproductive capabilities in fish species and a reduction in the average size of shrimp caught.    The Gulf dead zone may slow shrimp growth, leading to fewer large shrimp, according to a NOAA-funded study led by Duke University. The study also found the price of small shrimp went down and the price of large shrimp increased, which led to short-term economic ripples in the Gulf brown shrimp fishery.    A team of scientists led by Louisiana State University and the Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium

Duke Receives Funding for New Research Vessel

 Duke University said it has received $11 million for the construction and operation of a new state-of-the-art vessel that will expand teaching and research capabilities at its marine lab.   The gift to the Nicholas School of the Environment from the Grainger Family Descendants Fund, a donor-advised fund at The Chicago Community Trust, provides $5 million to build the new 68-foot oceangoing research vessel and an additional $6 million to support operating costs.   The ship will have wet labs and dry labs, oceanographic equipment, a galley and sleeping quarters. It will be an oceangoin

Photo: NOAA

Scientists Predict Third Largest GoM ‘Dead Zone’

in the water. The resulting low oxygen levels are insufficient to support most marine life and habitats in near-bottom waters, threatening the Gulf’s fisheries.   The Gulf dead zone may also slow shrimp growth, leading to fewer large shrimp, according to a NOAA-funded study led by Duke University. This could mean higher costs of large shrimp at the marketplace and an economic ripple effect on the Gulf shrimp fisheries.   “The Gulf’s summer hypoxic zone continues to put important habitats and valuable fisheries under intense stress,” said Rob Magnien, director


Shell Ocean Discovery XPRIZE Semifinalists Announced

a swarm of 12 intelligent deep-sea robot drones using insight gained through two previous projects. BangaloreRobotics (Bangalore, India) – Led by Venkatesh Gurappa, the International team is developing innovative and low-cost Underwater Swarm AUVs. Blue Devil Ocean Engineering - Duke University (Durham, NC, United States) – Led by Martin Brooke, the Duke University team is working with heavy lift aerial drones that drop retrievable diving SONAR pods. CFIS (Arnex-sur-Nyon, Switzerland) – Led by Toby Jackson, the team is designing a swarm of underwater robots that use

Scientists think that American eels spawn somewhere in the southwest corner of the Sargasso Sea, which is surrounded by circulating ocean currents. The eels migrate as tiny larvae to fresh waters along the coast, where they spend their adult lives. Where the adults spawn and how the larvae migrate to the coast both remain mysteries. (Illustration by Eric S. Taylor, WHOI Graphic Services)

A Slithery Ocean Mystery

cycle, which has five different anatomical stages, each corresponding to locations on their migratory path. Perhaps some overlooked biological features were key factors that allowed larvae to reach the coast?    The team enlisted a fourth member, physical oceanographer Suzan Lozier of Duke University, and created a computer model that incorporated a range of biological and oceanographic data to simulate the larvae’s travel patterns.    “We used these models that essentially have the ocean currents in them,” Llopiz said. “We released the virtual larvae

Offshore Opex Under Pressure

forecasting, technology strategic marketing and benchmarking for the upstream, midstream and oilfield service sectors. Prior to joining Decision Strategies, Meyers was an analyst for Anadarko Petroleum. He holds a BBA in Finance from Texas Tech University and a Master of Business Administration from Duke University.

Photo: Duke University

Drones Detect Sharks in Intercoastal Waters

Researchers from Duke University and UNC-Chapel Hill are testing the ability of drones to detect sharks in coastal waterways.   In a collaborative study funded by North Carolina Aquariums, researchers are examining whether drones can effectively pinpoint bonnethead sharks in different habitats and water conditions.   “We’re really interested in the role that these kind of predators take on in coastal systems,” said Dave Johnston, director of the Unoccupied Systems Facility at Duke’s Marine Lab in Beaufort, North Carolina.   “We’re also really

Bottlenose dolphins (Credit: NOAA-NEFSC)

New Maps Reduce Threats to Whales, Dolphins

threatened or endangered – in the crowded waters of the U.S. East Coast and Gulf of Mexico.   “These maps show where each species, or closely related group of species, is most likely to be at any given time of year,” said Laura Mannocci, a postdoctoral research associate at Duke University’s Marine Geospatial Ecology Laboratory (MGEL). “This makes it easier to monitor and manage them, and reduce the risk of harmful interactions.”   The maps, which are freely available online, integrate data from nearly 1.1 million linear kilometers of surveys and more

Fishery Model Helps Boost Profits, Sustainability

A new model, developed by economists at Duke University and the University of Connecticut, which resulted from identifying efficient fishing practices and behaviors, may help fishermen earn larger paychecks while reducing the risk of fishery depletion.   “We’re not talking about a trivial improvement. In some cases, we found that identifying the most efficient practices led to a 20 percent annual increase in total revenues if the fishery is managed differently,” said Martin D. Smith, professor of environmental economics at Duke’s Nicholas School of the Environment.

Paul Bunje (Photo courtesy of XPRIZE)

Teams Vie for $2m Ocean Health XPRIZE

Oaks, Calif.), a team of students, educators and entrepreneurs with expertise in Artificial Intelligence research and development. •Blue Devil Ocean Engineering (Beaufort, N.C.), a team of faculty and students from the Pratt School of Engineering and the Nicholas School of the Environment at Duke University. •Blue Praxis (Denver, Colo.), a team comprised of multi-disciplinary representatives, including a software engineer and a biology student from Metropolitan State University. •Boardformula (San Diego, Calif.), a team led by the founder of Boadformula, an engineering consultancy

Photo courtesy of OSIL

OSIL Multi-Corers in CSA Ocean Sciences GoM Study

a succession of samples to be taken during any one mission. The core tubes are sealed top and bottom, allowing rapid retrieval of the corer without jeopardizing the integrity of the samples. OSIL’s range of corers are used worldwide by companies such as IAEA, Petrobras, Altima, NOC, BP, Duke University USA, Fugro, Ocean Lab, University of Qatar, Sure Group, HydroAcoustics , NIO India and The University of Aberdeen for sampling in applications related to environmental impact assessment, geochemical analysis, interstitial waters and biological survey. osil.co.uk  

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